By Tan Bao Zhen and Aggie Choo

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Using data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), this paper compares Singapore’s training participation rate among PIAAC participating countries. A logistic regression model is also employed to examine the determinants affecting training participation in the different countries. A special interest in the PIAAC data is the availability of the respondents’ skills proficiency scores, which allows an alternative measure of human capital besides the highest qualification attained. For comparison, we have included other Asian countries (South Korea, Japan), Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway Sweden), other European countries (United Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands) and the United States.

This paper is submitted to the Adult Education in Global Times 2020.